The story presented here had it's beginning
in the little village of Luetzellinden
some 75 km NNE of Frankfurt am Main in Germany.
On 25 Sept 1728 in one of the houses in the middle of this picture, and...
... the second house on the left
a baby boy was born to Johann Georg JUNG and Anna Maria CLOSS.
Within a day or two, J Georg and Anna Maria took their new son
to the Lutheran/Evangelical church,
where he was baptized at this font and given the name Johann Andreas JUNG.
The details of this event were dutifully reorded in the register of the church.
Unbeknowns to little Andreas, events were unfolding
some 6000 km to the west that would forever change his life.
The ongoing wars between England and France in Europe
were also being played out in the wilds of North America.
As Andreas was entering his teens,
some of the vast areas of the New World were under British control,
some under French control, and much under dispute.
The disputes had their roots established nearly a century and a half earlier
when a French colony was established at what is now Annapolis Royal in Nova Scotia.
This land was fought over such that in the following century,
it changed hands sixtimes.
The outcome was finally settled by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, whereby
the southern portion of mainland Nova Scotia was ceded to the British, while
Cape Breton and Prince Edward Island went to the French.
The British did very little with their trophy.
However the French went right to town and started to build a fortress at Louisbourg
from which they attacked the American Colonies.
The colonists didn't appreciate this and under joint command
British and American forces captured Louisbourg in 1744.
Under another European treaty, Louisbourg was given back to France in 1748.
The French started to rebuild immediately.
The British soon realized that if they were to hold their lands,
they had better populate them.
Thus in 1749, a considerable flotilla sailed to Halifax,
where a new town was established.
Who were the British looking for as immigrants? English speaking Protestants.
Initially they came from England.
However, those who came only wanted to drink and carouse.
They had no interested in working.
They were ill suited to the rigours of thein new homes and many died in the first year.
The officials then looked elsewhere.
The American colony of Pennsylvania had just found
a wonderful source of immigrants in the Protestant areas of
Germany, Switzerland, and France.
Those who came were honest, hardworking, and loyal.
The British contracted with a Mr. John Dick to entice
immigrants from Europe to move to Nova Scotia.
This he did, in part,
by the following notice posted in the Tim Horton's of the day.
What did the British promise to the immigrants?
Among other things:
- Free land: 50 morgen per family plus an additional 10 morgen per person.
"Morgen" is the German word for Morning.
In the farming sense, it is the area a yolk of oxen
can plow in a morning and is very close to an acre.
- Free food for a year since they would arrive in mid summer
and not be able to produce food for themselves the first year.
Where would they be taken? To a place of similar lattitude.
The town mentioned would be Halifax.
The following map (drawn by Winthrop Bell)
illustrates where most of the immigrants lived.
The JUNGs came from Hesse, near the top of the German cluster.
Germany 1728-1750 | Getting to Halifax | Getting to Lunenburg| Out Onto the Land | Andreas JUNG at work | My Ancestors | Fishing for Cod | Lunenburg Architecture| Headstones |
European Adventure Home Page
(Memoirs of two weeks in Germany, Montbeliard, France and Northern Switzerland
on a Genealogical trek to discover roots.)