LUNENBURG FAMILY NAMES:
SPELLING VARIANTS

A - H and I - Z

Many of us like an orderly world in which everything has its place. When it comes to names we wish to have them in simple alphabetical order. Name spelling variability creates havoc in computerized listings and may result in the same individual showing up in unconnected listings.

Experience has shown the spellings used for names found in Lunenburg listings to exhibit a high degree of variablilty, ranging from only two for my family name YOUNG = JUNG, to over 70 for the original SCHLAGENWEID.

Why the high variability in Lunenburg names? Many of the first settlers were unable to read and write and thus had no idea if the civil or church scribes were spelling their names correctly in documents. This was compounded by the scribes, typically British, trying to write down names spoken by those who were mostly fluent in only German or French.

Fortunately, for many of the spellings for a given family, if you pronounce them as written, they will mostly sound the same or nearly so.

The purpose of this index is help Lunenburg genealogists take an observed unfamiliar name and convert it into something more familiar. This is done in two tables

The second table below gives all the known (to me) variant spellings for over 440 family names found in Lunenburg County. The first name presented tends to be the spelling WP Bell used in his extensive Notes on Lunenburg Families.

To add to the confusion, many names may be spelled with different first letters. Upon a closer look thes do not alter the pronunciation by much. Some examples of these spellings are given in the first table.

All this presents a dilemma: which spelling should one use when entering data, especially into computerized data base? The first rule is: record the name as found. However I tend to report the name as a single standardized spelling to aid consolidation. However I also record the found name in appended notes. This may aid in sorting out individuals. For example in the early records we find Conrad GRASS. The style of writing in the 1700's for SS looked more like FF and the name may also appear as Conrad GRAFF. It turns out that there were two Conrad GRASS/GRAFFs. So the spelling as found may help in sorting them out.

Undoubtedly, there are many variants not listed here. If you encounter some more, please forward to me for inclusion.


A = E
AWALT = EWALT
B = P
BECK = PEKE
BIELER = PIELER
BOLIVAR = POLIVAR
B = R
BAMICHEN = RAMICHEN = ROMKEY
C = G
CORKUM = GORKUM
CREASER = GREESER = KRUESER
CROSS = GRASS
C = J
CHENEY = JAUNEE
C = K
COLE = KOHL
COLP = KOLP
COOK = GUCK = KOCH
CROFT = KRAFT
CROUSE = KRAUS
C= S
CERTIER = SARTY
C= S = Z
CELL = SELL = ZELL
D = T
DEAL = THIEL = TEAL
DEMONE = TIMONE
DEUBERT = TIPPERT
DEUTOFF = THIETHOF
DIRPLE = TERPLE
E = I = Y
EISENHAUER = ISNOR = YSENDHAA
E = O
EICHEL = OICKLE
E = W
ERAMBOLT = WAMBOLDT
F = T
FURKSCHE = TURKSCHE
F = V
FELCHER = VOELKER
FLECK = VLECK
FOGLER = VOGLER
FOGELEY = VOGLEY
FOLMER = VOLLMAR
G = K
GOETZ = KITZ
H = O
HOSTERMAN = OSTERMAN
H = R
HENRICI = RITCEY
H = U
HILCHIE = UELSCHE
HUBLEY = UBLY
I = U
ISLER = USLER
J = Y
JOST = YOST
JUNG = YOUNG
M = W
MEILL = WEILER
P = S
PALM = SALM
S = Z
SEABOYER = ZEYBERGER
SEILER = ZELLER
SWICKER = ZWICKER
V = W
VYSSEL = WESSEL
VUILQUET = WILKIE
Sch = S
SCHMELTZER = SMELTZER
SCHMIDT = SMITH
Sch = SH
SCHAFFNER = SHAFFNER


COMMON EARLY SPELLING Other Variants
ACKER Ackker, Acre, Aker, Aucher, Aucker, Hocker
AKINS Aikings, Aitken?, Akin?, Akings, Atkins?
ALLEMAND Allamand, Almond
ALLISON Alison, Alizon, Alliscon,
AMEND Amande, Amen
ANDREWS Andreas, Andreios, Andres, Andries
ANSCHUTZ Anshutz
ANSELME Anselme, Enselm
ARENBERG Areinberg, Aremberg, Aremburg, Arenbery, Arenburg, Arenburge, Arnburg, Aunberg
ATKINS Aitken?, Akin? Akins?
BACH Back
BACHLEY Bechler, Bechlie, Bickler
BACHMAN Baghman, Bagman, Bach, Backman, Bahman,bauchman, Bechman, Beckman, Bochman
BAILLY Bally, Bailay, Bailey, Baille, Bailley, Baillie, Baily, Baillet, Ballice
BALTZER Balser, Balsor, Palster
BANVARD Banward
BARBEY Barbe, Barbee', Barbi,
BARGELD Baargeld, 'Baargelt, Baergeld, Bargelo, Bargelt, Bargell, Bargold, Baugil, Baugild, Borgal, Borgald, Borgel, Borgeld, Borgelt, Borgold
BARTLING Bartley, Bertling
BAUEISEN Baueissen, Bavesin
BAUER Baver?, Bawer, Bower, Bowers
BAUHOFFER Banhoffer, Boaffler
BECK Peck, Peke
BECKER Backer, Backker, Baker, Beckher, Beckker, Beckler, Beeker, Beker, Bekker, Beoker,buker
BEGIN Begein, Beguin, Bejet, Besin, Bezin,
BELLER Beelar, Beeler, Bell?, Bieler?, Peal?, Pealer, Peel?, Peeler, Pheler?, Pieler?
BELOUD Belloub, Belloud
BERGHAUS Barkhouse, Berkhaus, Berkhause, Berkhausen, Bugaus
BERRINGER Beringer, Berminger
BESANSON Basanson, Bazanson, Beisenzon, Besancon, Besangon, Besanzon, Bezancon, Bezanson, Bezanzon, Berzinzon, Bissana? Bissason, Bucsson
BICKRICH Bickerith, Bigerich
BIGUENET Begein, Bigenay, Biginet, Bigney, Bignuette, Bigonet, Bigenoit, Biguenot, Bigenet, Bigunet, Biquenet, Bizonet, Bizenay, Bizenet
BINDER Bender, Binter
BIZETTE Besette, Bezet, Bezett, Bezette, Bijet, Biset, Bisett, Bisette, Bissett, Bissette, Bitzel, Bizein, Bizel, Bizet, Bizett, Bizette
BLEISTEINER Bleidshleyner, Bleidshteyner, Bleidsteyner, Bleighshtander, Bleijstiener, Bleystiner, Blystaner, Blysteiner, Blystiner, Blystner, Plydshteinyer
BOEHNER Beckner?, Beeler?, Beener, Bener Beoner, Biner, Boener, Bohne?, Bohner, Painer, Payner
BOLBACK Bolbach
BORN Borne, Burn, Burns
BOUILLION Bolon, Bolong, Bouillon, Broullon?
BOULEVILLE Bouliville
BOURGOYNE Boiurgoyne, Borgoine, Bourgogne, Burgoine, Burgoyme, Burgoyne
BOUTELIER Beautillier, Bentiller, Boteiller, Botelier, Botteller, Bouitillien, Boutaillier, Bouteiller, Bouteillier, Boutele, Boutellier, Boutellieur, Bouteller, Bouteilier, Bouteille, Bouteiller, Bouteillir, Boutenger, Bouthillier,boutielier, Boutiellier, Boutiellieur, Boutiler, Boutilier, Boutillier, Boutlier, Bouttelier, Bouttilier, Boutellier, Buotiller, Butileir, Buttillier, Butlier,
BOWER Bauer, Bawer, Bowers
BRAND Brande, Brandt, Brant
BRAUN Brown, Browne
BREYER Brayer, Briar
BROWN Braun?, Brewn, Browne
BRUCKBAUER Brickbauer, Bruickbauer, Bruckbaur
BRUIN Bruens, Bruins
BRUM Brom, Broom, Broome, Bruhm, Bruhn, Brumm
BRUNER Bruener, Brunner
BUBICKOFFER Boerinhoffer, Boevichoffer, Boobickoffer, Boebechoffer, Bowbekoffer, Bubbikofer, Bubbikoffer, Bubeckheffer, Bubeckhoffer, Bubeckopfer, Bubekhoffer,bubichofer, Bubickhoffer,bubicoffer, Bubikauffer, Bubikhofer, Bubikoffer, Bublickhoffer, Bukeckhoffer, Bukighofer, Buppikoffer, Publicover, Puppinghowen
BUYER Baver?, Bayers, Bever?, Beyer?, Byers?
CALAME Calome
CARLIN Carlein, Carling
CASHEN Cashian, Casken
CELL Zell?
CELLER Zeller?
CERTIER? Cartier, Certier, Certis?,Sartia, Sartie, Sarty, Sertie
CLAASEN Claasen, Claesen, Claussen, Glassen, Glawson, Glosson, Klassen
CLAP Clapp
CLARKE Clark
CLATTENBERGER Clattenbergh, Clattenberghen, Clattenbergher, Clattenburg, Clattenburger, Klattenberg, Klattenberger
CLAUSNER Clouser, Clousner, Klausner
CLEESATTEL Cleesaddle, Clerattle, Clesaddle, Clesdale, Clufatel, Kleesattall
COMINGO Caminea, Rumpkies
CONRAD Conradt, Conraed, Conrat, Conrod, Konradt
CONTOIS Comptoy, Comptors, Comtois, Comtoy, Contois, Contoy, Conty, Countaway, Countway
CONTY Conti
COSTIN Cossen
COULON Coolen, Cooley?, Coullon
COVEY Covi
CRAFT Crafft, Crafts, Croft, Krafft, Kraft, Kraufts
CRANNER Crane, Craner, Kranner, Krauner
CREASER Creser, Cruser, Greaser, Greeser, Greser, Grieser, Kreaser, Kreser, Kresor, Krieser, Krueser, Kruser
CROOK Crooke, Crooks, Crucks
CURIER Curie, Currie, Currier
CUTLER Cottler
DAHN Dan?, Danin, Dann, Tahn
DARE' Dare, Darea, Daree, Dare'e, Dares, Dare's, Darey, Darez, Dari, Darie, Daries, Dary, Daurey, Daurie, Daurez, Dauray, Daury, Dorce,dore, Dore', Doree, Dore'e, Dore's, Dorey, Dorray, Dorry, Dory
DAUPHINEE Dauphine, Dauphinet, Dophine, Dophiney, Dupney
DE PAVETTE Dupavette
DE TOUR Dusour
DEBREZE Desbrisay?
DEBRUIN/BRUIN? Bruin?, De Bruin, De Bruyn
DEGELIN Dagley, Deglen, Deglin, Degler, Digelin, Tegelin
DELADERAY Deledary
DEMET Amet?, Demay?, De Met, De Mett, Demett, Dumet
DETTENDORFER Detindorffer, Dottendorffer
DIEBERT Deubert, Dibert, Diepert, Teubert, Teybert, Tiebert, Tybert
DIEDERICH Deiderich, Dietrich, Ditrich, Dittrich
DIEL Deal, Deale, Deihl, Deil, Dhiel, Dhill, Diehi, Diehl, Diel, Diell, Dill, Dille, Teal, Teale, Teel, Teele, Thiel
DIETHOFF Deuthof, Diethoff, Ihetoff,tethoff, Tethoffer, Thethoff, Thettoff, Thittof
DINSMORE Dansmore, Densmore
DOHNIG Donig
DONZELL Donsel, Donzel
DRECHSLER Doexter, Drexeler, Drexseler, Drexler, Duxler
DRILLIOT Drille, Drillio, Drillot, Trillian, Trillion, Trilliott
DUPERRIN Deparvette
DURAND Durland
DUVOISIN Devison, Duvaison, Duvoisine
EGLEY Eggley, Eggly, Eggli, Egly, Eigley, Eigly, Eckley
EICHELBERG Echelberge
EICHER Eichard, Eicheld, Eicherd, Eichert, Eicker
EISELE Eisler, Isler
EISENHAUER Eiseehauer, Eisener, Eisenham, Eisenhaur, Eisenhaurer, Eisenhaver, Eisenor, Eisinor, Eisnenhauer, Eisnenor, Eisner, Eisnor, Eissenhauer, Eysenhouser, Ischauver, Isenhauer, Isenhauffer, Isenhaur, Isenhauser, Iisenhauver, Senhauwer, Isenhoffer, Isenhor, Isner, Isnor, Issenhaur, Ysendha, Ysendhaa
EMONEAU Emanaud, Emeaneau, Emeneau, Emenau, Emeneau, Emenaud, Emeno, Eminaud, Emineau, Emino, Eminot, Emmaud, Emmenaud, Emmeneau, Emmoineau, Emmoneau, Emmoneaud, Emmono, Emoineau, Emno, Emonaud, Emonau, Emonaut, Emouno, Emonno, Emounod, Emounot
ENGEL Angel, Eagle?, Eagles, Engals, Engels, Engell, Engels, Engle, Ingles? Inglis?
ERAD Eradt, Erhard, Erhardt
ERNST Earnst, Enst, Ernest
EWALD Awalt, Ehwald, Evalts, Ewalt
FAINOT Fainet, Fainot, Feneau, Feuneau, Fenneau, Fennot?,
FALKENHAIN Falckenhayn, Falckenhain, Falckenham, Falckenhayn, Falkenhahn, Falkenhain, Falkenham, Falkenhayn, Falkenheim, Falkenhime, Falkhime, Faulkenham, Folkenham
FAUSEL Fausell, Fausil?, Fosell, Fosler
FEDER Fader, Feader, Fe'der, Fehber, Fehder, Frederf, Phedre
FEHR Feher?
FEINDEL Feindel, Feindell, Feindl, Feindle, Fehber, Fiendel, Fiendell, Findal, Findel, Findell
FIENER Feaner, Feener, Fehner, Feiner, Finer, Foener, Finner, Fyner, Turner?
FINCK Fink
FLECK Vleck
FOLCHER Felcher, Filcher, Foseler?, Woucher
FOLMER Vollmer
FOREL Fortel
FORSCHNER Forrokner, Forchinis, Forster, Foshner, Vorsner?
FOSELER Fosseier, Fosseler,
FOSTER/FORSTER Forster?
FRANK Franck
FREDERICK Frederichts, Fredericke, Fredericks, Fredrich, Friederich, Friedrich, Friedrick
FREUDENBERG Feadenbergh?, Fridenburg, Friedenberg, Fritenburg, Frittenburg
FROELIG Fraelic, Fraelick, Fraelig, Frail?, Fralic, Fralich, Fralick, Frealick, Freilig, Frelic, Frelig, Frelick, Frellick, Froelich, Froelock, Frohlich, Frohlig, Frolig, Froling
GEBHARD Gibbard
GEILER Geyler, Keyler
GELDERT Guidort
GERHARD Garret, Garrett, Gerardt, Gerhard, Gerrard, Garret
GERTZEN Gertzens, Getson, Getzen
GETZEN Gartz, Gates?, Gertse, Gertson, Gertz
GIMPER Gemper
GLASSEN Claasen?
GODHARD Godard, Goddard, Godhart
GOETZ Gaets, Gaetz, Gates Gatez, Gatz, Getz, Gottz, Gotz, Keetz, Kitz, Kottz, Kots, Kotz
GORKUM Corckem, Corkum, Gorhum, Gorckum, Gorcum
GOURDON Gourbon
GRAFF Crass?, Graeff, Graff, Graft?, Grass?, Graves?
GRASS Crass, Cross?, Glass, Graaff?, Graff?, Graeff, Graess, Grass, Grasse, Grauss, Gross, Krass?
GREEPS Creps
GRETEAU Grate, Grateau, Grato, Gratto Gretau, Gretaux, Greteau, Gretteau, Gzeteau
GRIESTERLAND Guesterland
GRIFFIN Griffie
GROSS Cross?, Grass?, Grosse
GROSSRENAUD Grono, Grorenaud, Groseneau, Grosrenous, Grossenaud, Grossrenaud, Grossrenauld, Groszeneau, Renaud?
GRUB Grubb
GUCK Cock, Cook?, Koch?
GUIGNE Guigne'
HAAKE Haack, Hooke
HAAS Haass, Hawes
HAHN Hall?, Hann, Haughan, Haughn, Haun, Henns, Huehn, Kahn
HALEY Raly
HALTER Hatter?
HAM Hamm, Hams, Jam?
HAPPOLD Apphold, Habopld, Hamboldt, Happoldt, Happolt, Harpold, Haubold, Hauboldt, Hawbold, Hawboldt, Hawbolt
HARDT Hart
HARNISH Harnesch, Harnich, Harnioch, Harnisch, Hernish, Hornish
HARTMAN Hartmann
HATT Hat, Hatter
HAUPTMAN Haubdman, Haubtman, Hauphman, Haupman, Hauptmann, Hautman, Hoepman, Hopman, Hupman
HEBB Hape, Heb, Heeb, Heep, Heeph, Hepp, Heps, Hip, Hubb
HECHT Hight?
HECKMAN Hickman
HEILMAN Hielman
HEINER Hiener, Inner
HEISER Heyser
HEISLER Haussler, Hausler, Heisel, Heisler, Heislor, Heysell, Heyseler, Heysler, Hiseler, Hisiler, Hisler
HEISON Heisson, Henson?, Heysin, Heyson, Huson, Hyson, Steyson
HEIT Heid, Height, Heite, Heyder?, Hight?
HENCKEL Henekel
HERMAN Harman, Harmon, Hermon, Hermot, Herrman, Kerman?
HERMSTAT Armistead, Hermstadt, Hermsted, Hormstads
HEULL Heule
HEYBERGER Heuberger, Heybeiger, Heybergern
HILLEN Millen/r?
HILTZ Hildtz, Hills, Hilss, Hils Hilst, Hilz
HIMMELMAN Heimelman, Hemelman, Hemmilman, Himelman, Himilman , Himmelmann, Himmelmen, Himmleman
HINCKEL Heinkel, Hinkle Hinckell
HIRSCHMAN Herschmen, Hirshman, Hurshman
HIRTLE Hartle, Hartlen?, Hartly, Hartlin, Hartline?, Hartling? Hartly, Heartley, Heartly, Hertel, Hertell, Hertle, Hertli, Hertlin, Herling, Hertll, Hertly, Herttel, Hirtell, Hirtley, Hirtli, Hirtlie, Hirtling, Hirtloy, Hirtly, Hortel, Hurtle,
HOFFLER Heffler, Heveler, Hossler, Hostler, Huller
HOFFMAN Hofman, Huffman
HOGIN (HOAGG) Rogin
HOLDRY Holder?
HOLLAND Challand (Halland)
HOREIN Harein?, Horein, Horey, Horn?, Horne
HOWE Hove
HUBLEY Hablich, Hobley, Huble, Hubly, Hublich, Huppely, Ubley, Ubly
HUGHEY Houy, Huy, Hye
HUNIER Huner
HUNTER Halter?
HUSKINS Hudskin
HUY Hewey

I - Z


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