The PURPOSE of this index is
(1) to list all the family names that have ever appeared in Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia,
(2) to cite records where these names can be found, and
(3) to suggest alternate spellings for a particular name.
Names of individuals are not recorded here.
The following EXAMPLE shows how the index is set out.
BACHMAN: (Name may also be spelled - Baghman, Bagman, BACKMAN, Bahman, BAUCHMAN, Bechman, BECKMAN?, Bochman)
BACHMAN: Palatinate, Germany; Sailed on the Gale in 1752; L'burg-Victual-List-1756; L'burg-Victual-List-1757; Land-Grant-1784; Church-Birth/Marriage/Death-Records; Cemetery-Inscription; Obituary(1961-92); Map-1883; Bell's-Notes; NS-Immigrants-page-23/284; Planters&Pioneers-page-43; WKaizer's-Notes
BACKMAN: Probated-Will; Cemetery-Inscription; Obituary(1961-92); [Also see BACHMAN]
BAUCHMAN: Probated-Will; [Also see BACHMAN]
BECKMAN: Obituary(1961-92); [Also see BACHMAN?]
- All names are listed in alphabetical order.
- Where more than one spelling of a name has been recorded, a root spelling of the name is given followed by possible alternate spellings of the name. This spelling is not necessarily in common use today. In general, the spelling by used by Smith & Smith (see below) was chosen,
- -Those in UPPER CASE are also found in the index because they have been cited in one of the record sources detailed below;
- - those in lower case have been reported (e.g., in Bell's Notes, Church Records, or in private correspondence to me) but not cited in one of the record sources detailed below;
- - those followed by ? are possible alternate spellings; however they may be a different family, so use caution when interpreting.
- Following the Root Name will be found (if cited): the town and country of origin, the ship(s) and year(s) members bearing that name sailed to the New World; and references to the family in Lunenburg County over the next two and a half centuries. In most cases the passenger lists give the names of families who boarded in Rotterdam. Of the 2461 "souls" who embarked, 232 (9.4%) did not survive the voyage and only about 1350 eventually were transferred to Lunenburg in 1753. Thus some names appear only on shipping lists and never again.
- Alternate name spellings also give citations to where they have been recorded, followed by a reference back to the Root Name.
RECORD SOURCES EXAMINED:
(1) Passenger Lists for the ships Alexander, Baltimore, Beaufort, Brotherhood, Canning, Charlton, Everley, Fair Lady, London, Merry Jacks, Rochampton, Wilmington, and Winchelsea, which brought settlers from England to Halifax in 1749. Names from this source are used only if the name had shown up in at least one of the Lunenburg County sources given below. It should be noted that when more than one ship is listed, then at least one member of this family came over on each ship.
(2) Passenger Lists for the ships Ann 1750, Betty 1752, Gale 1751, Gale 1752, Murdoch 1751, Pearl 1751, Pearl 1752, Sally 1752, Speedwell 1751, and Speedwell 1752, which brought settlers from Germany, France, and Switzerland via Rotterdam, Holland to Halifax in the summers of 1750-52. Where these lists give towns and country of origin, that information is noted. These lists also give first names and occupations, which are not included here. Much of the data was taken from Ruth E Kaulback's book "Historic Saga of Lehève (LaHave)" (published 1970)
(3) Victualling Lists for Lunenburg in 1756 taken from "Historic Saga of Lehève (LaHave)" and 1757 (about 1,350 individuals each).
(4) Land Grants allotted in 1784; lot sizes are given in the primary reference, but not here. This list was taken from M. B. DesBrisay's book "History of the County of Lunenburg" (2nd edition, published 1895).
(5) Birth, Marriage, and Death records (about 16000, 8000, and 4000 individuals, respectively) as abstracted by Don Shankle from early Lunenburg church records (1753-mid 1800's). Where multiple spellings were used in the original records, Don used a single common root spelling for those names and those are the ones used here.
(6) Probated Wills from 1770-1996 for Lunenburg County (about 15,000 individuals).
(7) Headstone names as published in the South Shore Genealogical Society's Cemetery Inscriptions (about 40,000 individuals).
(8) Obituaries published in the Halifax Newspapers between 1962 and 1992 (about 220,000 individuals province wide).
(9) The A.F. Church & Co Map of Lunenburg County published about 1883-7 that shows every house in the county and gives the family name and first initial of the head of household. Maps for the other counties of Nova Scotia are also available, but were not searched.
(10) Winthrop P. Bell assembled Notes on specific Lunenburg county families while preparing his book "The Foreign Protestants and the Settlement of Nova Scotia" (published 1961) These Notes summarize passenger list information and marriage, birth, death, land allotments and other pertinent data for the first 3-4 decades for about 220 families. All the spellings encountered by Mr. Bell are reported in his notes, which have never been published as such. Various researchers have made electronic copies of these notes, and forwarded them to Don Shankle for private distribution. To date, about 120 are available; these are the only ones cited here.
(11) L.H. Smith Jr and N.H. Smith's book "Nova Scotia Immigrants to 1867" (published 1992), which lists the origins of about 16,000 individuals as found in 466 manuscripts and articles, all of which are cited.
(12) Wright's book "Planters & Pioneers" (published ) is somewhat similar in intent to that of Smith & Smith. It gives family origins and parent-children information for Planters (mostly folks who came to Nova Scotia from other North American locales (e.g. Loyalists from the U.S.)) and Pioneers (who came directly to Nova Scotia from Great Britain or Continental Europe). Sources of information were not given. This book was not available to me, so only citations noted by Willa Kaizer (see # 13 below) are given here.
(13) Willa Kaizer's Notes on about 160 Lunenburg County families. These are research notes compiled in individual files and may contain citations from Bell's Notes, Passenger Lists, early Wills, Census Records, Land Transfer Record, Church Records, and modern obituaries.
The family name spellings were used as found in all of these sources even if obviously wrong (e.g., transposed letters).
The first purpose for this index (a collection of ALL family names in Lunenburg County) regretably is not met. Not all known sources were available to me; in addition to "Planters and Pioneers", these include all the Census records and McAlpines Municipal Records and there are undoubtedly others.
SOME OBSERVATIONS ON LETTER EXCHANGES
Having trouble finding the name you are working on?
Perhaps the first letter of the name has changed.
The following examples might suggest alternatives:
B = P ..... BOLIVAR = POLIVAR or BUBICKOFFER = PUBLICOVER
B = R ..... BAMICHEN = RAMICHEN = ROMKEY
C = G ..... CORKUM = GORKUM or CREASER = GREESER = KRUESER
C = J ..... CHENEY = JAUNEE
C = K ..... CROUSE = KRAUS or COLE = KOHL
C = S ..... CERTIER = SARTY
D = T ..... DEAL = THIEL or DEMONE = TIMON
E = I = Y..... EISENHAUER = ISENOR = YSENDHAA
E = W ..... ERAMBOLT = WAMBOLDT
F = V ..... FOGLER = VOGLER
J = Y ..... JUNG = YOUNG
O = H ..... HOSTERMAN = OSTERMAN
S = Z ..... SEILER = ZELLER or SEABOYER = ZEYBERGER
U = H ..... UBLY = HUBLEY or UELSCHE = HILCHIE
V = W ..... VYSSEL = WESSEL or VUILQUET = WILKIE
Sch = SH ..... SCHAFFNER = SHAFFNER
Sch = S ..... SCHMELTZER = SMELTZER or SCHMIDT = SMITH
Letters Within the Name:
-BACH = -BACK
-BERG = -BURG
-MAN = -MANN
-I- = -Y- ..... JOLIMOIS = JOLLYMORE
and lots of others.
If you find any misteaks or omisions, please let me know at the following address:
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